Category: google search

Spitalfields, Gravesend, Venice & London 1842 directory

Lots to report in this new post. I took a short trip to Venice, the Italian version, and had a wonderful break for a few days. During this time, I started to read a rather brilliant historical book by Dan Cruickshanks on Spitalfields. I had a book token to use, and this book took my fancy! It is rather excellent so far, and more.

I did not know that Spital comes from the word hospital, apparently it does. The book on Spitalfields is quite heavy reading, and more a textbook rather than a light read. That’s OK, it is pretty brilliant so far, after about the first few chapters. Interestingly, amongst the credits are a favourite of mine, Sarah Wise; and also the Spitalfields Life website and many more.

A quick aside, my wife and I had a long, drawn out discussion about the words utmost & upmost; we both use different words, as we were both unaware of the other word. Look these words up if you want to know the general outcome!

Once home from a break, I answered an interesting email on Gravesend. It took me two days of my research time to update Gravesend pub history in about 1851. For the record, Gravesend is not in London, it is fairly near, but in Kent on the southern borders of the River Thames. It made a splash in the news recently because of a Beluga whale from the Arctic spending some time here.

Finally, I am back to updating the London street directory for 1842 / 1832 etc. By tomorrow, all of the letter B should be complete with 1842 street directory images, e.g. Brook street, Ratcliff.



London 1832 streets directory and mapping early London

I am a bit out of sync with most normal working people, but this has little bearing on the work I am continuing with. The London 1832 streets directory is now almost complete. I have been saying this for a while, and then I find another tranche of streets which are not yet on the site.

I think withe the completion of the letter B, I am complete, but I will check again!

The second part of this brilliant project is to add the 1842 images; and this is taking a lot less time than the first part and is slowly building.

Part three is now to add a mapping link to each page to one of the excellent NLS mappings. NLS is short for National Library of Scotland, and they do have a rather enviable maps project which is rather brilliant. The best part of this, after some research is the mapping of an area in, say 1895, and modern days, both on the same page.

Here is a very simple example, Ducks foot lane, Upper Thames street.

I am next to start looking at indexing of the streets in London, and possibly add a local search engine just for this. This is not hard, as most web sites have their own mysql database which I am very familiar with.

The major part of the hard work has already been completed, and this London historical street directory could be amazing one day, if this is of interest.

The remit is to describe London without using maps, but with a few mappings along the way. So, yes, with old maps.

I think the most important part of this, to me, is to be able to describe early street addresses in London, and have some form of clarification on explaining where it may have existed; or what it may now be named.



Seven dials in London, what do we know about it

As part of the London Robsons 1832 street directory, which just for you information is nearly complete, I came across Monmouth street, Seven dials, as part of my research.

I have to admit I am a bit of a novice to London history, and I thought Seven dials was near to the Bank of England, and all of the streets which link there. I knew it referred to seven streets making an impact in London, I was completely wrong, but hey ho, I know now.

Seven dials is in St Giles, and near Covent garden. What I could not work out was why I could not find anything about the number of pubs in Monmouth street which were listed in 1832. I could find details about them until 1842, maybe a little later, but not much else.

I also searched in the great search engine, and came across a page on the area which mentioned that Great St Andrew street & Little St Andrew street later became Monmouth street – I have yet to decide whether they are correct, maybe it is true.

Back to Monmouth street, I then searched on the relevant pubs, and driled down looking for similar named pubs in an un-named street in the Seven dials area, and I came across a couple of matches, these were in Dudley street, Seven dials.

I was correct, although these pubs were both only open until about 1882. I then looked again at the mapping, and discovered that this street became part of Shaftesbury avenue at some stage, maybe in the 1880s.

So, we now know that Monmouth street was renamed Dudley street, about 1847. Then sometime in the 1880s, this was to become part of Shaftesbury avenue.  The pubs had already closed by this time, but they were extremely helpful in the search.

There are other pubs in Monmouth street, and I think these may have declined at an earlier date.

And finally, I think the page I read which suggested that Great St Andrew street was later renamed Monmouth street is probably also correct; but it is not this Monmouth street in 1832. Is this clear? Probably not.


It’s what I do with my retirement. It makes me happy.

The London 1832 street directory & pub history

It has been four days since I put pen to paper, well it is actually fingers to keyboard these days. In the meantime, I have been rather busy building the London 1832 and London 1842 street directory. It is nearly complete! Just a few more weeks work, or maybe just a few days.

The sites are getting well spotted in google search, and increasing the numbers of visitors to the sites. At the same time, they (google) have decreased the pennies per click considerably, bastards. That just reminded me of “penny for the guy”, or “bob a job” in Scouts.

I have just  realigned the navigation for this site to make it more interesting for mobile users, i.e. most people these days. I will roll this out onto all of my other sites shortly. It uses lots of dropdowns which seem to work, although I am yet to test it out properly.

Back to the London street directory pages, they are looking really good, I think. If you don’t like them, show me a resource which is as good!

Actually, I will go slightly further and say they are blooming marvellous.




A London Robsons 1832 and 1842 street directory is building fast

A new site listing the entirety of the  London 1832 street directory with an alphabetical index of all the streets linked to a page for each street is building very fast, and close to completion – well stage one is nearly complete.

Each individual page lists a complete transcription of the traders living along that street as listed in the Robsons directory. Where appropriate, if a trader is a licensee or tavern keeper, there will also be a link from that person, and their address to an entry on the historical pub history site which is brilliant for London and many other areas.

In addition to the listing in 1832, in  which there is not a great amount of detail about the trades of those named, there are in many cases, an image on the same page which corresponds to the 1842 Robsons London street directory. This is very useful, as the information is much more detailed. The 1842 images are just that, they are not a transcription, and therefore a visual check of each images is required. The search engines have so far made the  inference that these images relate to the 1832 trade directory, which they do in road name only!

As an added bonus on one or two pages, the 1842 London street directory has also been transcribed. There is not a plan on doing this for every page, although if anyone wishes to help with this, it may happen eventually,

The 1842 London street directory transcriptions have been added with a simple bootstrap code which allows the text to be viewable or hidden, which is the default.

A good example, the second page to have this addition is on the Star street, Shadwell page. This page was chosen as this early historical detail is currently missing from the pub history site, with details back to about 1851 only, at present. This will change very soon.

Enjoy this new concept, and any suggestions on making the pages even more useful would be very welcome; there is a plan underfoot to link each page to a mapping, but this has yet to be decided. The pages which do link to the pub history site already offer a lot more detail about the specific road / street through a period of time, sometimes up until modern days, and other times for just a few years or decades.

And an addition to the site just recently has been the 1818 Johnstones  London commercial guide, this is in its infancy and lacks detail about pub history, and will therefore be completed as I see fit.

Bulls Head, 103 Hanbury street to 1940

I have been looking for a street to research, just a small street. The Bulls Head is in Hanbury street until about 1941; at number 103.

We already know quite a lot about the Bulls Head. It is in the parish of Mile end, and open by 1832 with an address of 13 Well street.

We know that it is at 25 Preston Street by 1864 and 13 Well Street in 1862 & earlier through road renaming. In the 1841 census, Abraham Buckey is the licensee and until about 1848. The address in the 1845 electoral register is 11 Well street. Prior to this is William Andrews in 1836 and H Turner in 1832.

By 1848, Henry Fox is the licensee until his death in 1859. His wife Mary Ann marries Edward Cooke and they continue on and she passes the license to Edward Cooke in September 1860 until at least 1866.

By 1869 a Thomas Badkin is the licensee until at least 1874. Arthur Tushaw is the next licensee in the 1881 census and from about 1876 until about 1886.

The address changes through this period to its latter address of 103 Hanbury street.

From about 1891 to 1898, an Henrich Scheerer is licensee, and then a number of licensees spend a year or two. In 1908 Henry John Aillud is the licensee until an early death in 1911 leaving a widow and young family. His widow marries George Collinson and they run the pub for another ten years.

Lastly are Solomon Hamberger, Solomon De Woolff and Herbert Basco from about 1934 until the pubs closure around 1941. There are still properties at this address in the modern google maps, but they are not dating back to the 1830s and could be modern buildings, the rest of the area has been heavily rebuilt, probably after World War Two.

Pub history in Spitalfields – links to my pub history site

Here are the pubs in Spitalfield:
Alfreds Head, 15 Brushfield Street, Spitalfields
Angel & Crown, 47 Brushfield Street, Spitalfields
Artillery tavern, 1 Gun Street, Spitalfields
Bell & Dragon, 33 Worship Street, Spitalfields
Ben Jonson, 26 Pelham Street , Spitalfields
Black Eagle, 63 Brick Lane, Spitalfields
Black Lion, 63 Hanbury Street, Spitalfields
Black Swan, 23 Hanbury Street, Spitalfields
Black Swan, 39 Wentworth Street, Spitalfields
Blue Anchor, 1 Middlesex Street, Spitalfields
Blue Coat Boy, 32 Duval Street / 32 Dorset Street, Spitalfields
Blue Coat Boy, 5 High Street, Spitalfields
Britannia, 87 Commercial Street, Spitalfields
Butchers Arms, 4 South Street, Spitalfields
Carpenters Arms, 57 Wentworth Street, Spitalfields
The Castle, 19 Quaker Street, Spitalfields
Cock a Hoop, 1 Gun Street, Spitalfields
City of Norwich, 111 / 61 Wentworth Street, Spitalfields
Cock & Hoop, 17 Artillery Street, Spitalfields
Commercial Arms, 142 Commercial Street, Spitalfields
Crown, 4 Grey Eagle Street, Spitalfields
Crown, 4 North Street, Spitalfields
Dukes Head, 28 High Street, Spitalfields
Duke of Wellington, 28 Shephard Street [Toynbee Street], Spitalfields
Dyers Arms, 44 Brick lane, Spitalfields
Elder Tree, 1 Elder Street, Spitalfields
Fleur de Lis, 17 Fleur de Lis Street, Spitalfields
Founders Arms, 213 Brick Lane, Spitalfields
Frying Pan, 13 Brick Lane / 207 Brick lane, Spitalfields
George & Guy, 41 Brick Lane / 193 Brick lane, Spitalfields
Golden Eagle, 47 Quaker Street, Spitalfields
Golden Heart, 110 Commercial Street, Spitalfields
The Grapes, 15 Crispin Street, Spitalfields
Grapes, 6 Paternoster Row, Spitalfields
The Grey Eagle, 52 Grey Eagle Street, Spitalfields
Gun, 54 Brushfield Street /  31 Brushfield Street, Spitalfields E1
Gun & Tent, 10 Fort Street, Spitalfields
Horn of Plenty, 5 Crispin Street, Spitalfields
Jobs Castle, 40 White Lion Street, Spitalfields
Jolly Weavers, 60 Wheeler Street, Spitalfields
Kings Arms, 20 Wilkes Street, Spitalfields
King Charles II, 11 Lamb Street, Spitalfields E
King & Queen, 30 Norton Folgate, Spitalfields E1
Laurel Tree, 69 Brick Lane / 185 Brick lane, Spitalfields
Market Tavern, 65 Brushfield Street, Spitalfields
Marlboros Head, 5 Pelham Street, Spitalfields
Middleton Arms, 38 High Street, Spitalfields
Northumberland Arms, 44 & 45 Fashion Street, Spitalfields
Northumberland Head, 11 Fort Street, Spitalfields
Old Cheshire Cheese, 5 West Side Market, Spitalfields
Old Will Somers, 25 Crispin Street, Spitalfields Yes
Osborne Arms, 42 Heneage Street, Spitalfields
Oxford Arms, 62 Brushfield Street, Spitalfields Yes
Oxford Arms, Wentworth Street, Spitalfields
Pauls Head, 1  Crispin Street, Spitalfields
Pendennis Castle, 1 Lamb Street, Spitalfields Yes
Pewter Platter, 11 White Lion Street. Norton Folgate, Spitalfields Yes
Phoenix, 159 Brick Lane, Spitalfields
Phoenix, 180 Brick Lane / 79 Brick Lane, Spitalfields
Phoenix, 24 & 25 High Street, Spitalfields
36 Phoenix Street, Spitalfields
Prince Albert, 21 Brushfield Street, Spitalfields
Prince of Wales, 29 Great Pearl Street , Spitalfields
Queens Arms, Wentworth Street, Spitalfields
Queens Head, 74 Commercial Street, Spitalfields
Red Lion, 92 Commercial Street, Spitalfields
Rose & Crown, 6 Booth street, Spitalfields
Rose & Crown, 24 Fort Street, Spitalfields
Salmon & Ball, 32 Lamb Street, Spitalfields
Seven Stars, 49 Brick Lane / 189 Brick lane, Spitalfields
The Ship, 24 Wheeler Street, Spitalfields
Sir John Barleycorn, 48 Brick lane, Spitalfields
Star, 40 Wilkes Street, Spitalfields
Ten Bells, 84 Commercial Street / 33 Church Street, Spitalfields E1
18 Thrawl Street, Spitalfields
Three Cranes, 39 Brick Lane / 194 Brick lane, Spitalfields
Three Neats Tongues, 3 Great Pearl Street, Spitalfields
Tower, 19 Artillery Street, Spitalfields
Virginia Planter, George Street, Brick Lane, Spitalfields
Weavers arms, 17 Hanbury Street, Spitalfields
White Hart, Little pearl Street / 10 Vine Court, Spitalfields
White Horse, 13 Sandys Row, Spitalfields
White Horse, 21 Wheeler street, Spitalfields
White Lion, 37 Fashion Street, Spitalfields
White Swan, 6 & 7 Keate Court, Spitalfields